HISTORY WC: THE EVOLUTION OF A HEALTH FACILITIES


Did you know that flushing toilets existed there for thousands of years? Although we still do not know with certainty whether Indian, Chinese and Sumerians were the first to use such a toilet there 4000 or 5000 years, we are sure of one thing: to 2500 BC, the Greeks already had toilets and sewage systems. Approximately 1000 years later, the Romans built the "Cloaca Maxima" the vast sewer of ancient Rome. They also had latrines but whose use was reserved for the rich, who settled there several convivialement and there discussing their small business while doing what they had to do.
The fall of the Roman Empire also resulted in the disappearance of the early health culture. Central Europe in the Middle Ages, the stench was everywhere: the toilet flush did not exist more than systems of sewage disposal, each was therefore needs outside or emptied his pot room in the gutter.
It was not until the late 16th century that things began to change: the English poet Sir John Harington invented the toilet first "modern" response to a request of his famous aunt, Queen Elizabeth I. His contemporaries mocked this invention, considering that it was a bad joke, so that the first law of modern times fell into oblivion, while Harington had yet made specific plans.

Nearly 200 years later, in 1775, the English inventor Alexander Cummings invented the toilet equipped with S-shaped pipe still used today and patented this system:
the triumphal march of "water closet" had begun.
During the second half of the 19th century, scientists such as Louis Pasteur realized that there was a link between the disease and health - increasing importance was therefore attached to this notion. The specialist Villeroy & Boch ceramics realized early on that the field of sanitary equipment (bath, washbasin, toilet, tiles) offered a tremendous commercial potential. In 1870, Villeroy & Boch began to equip public baths, private bathrooms and hospitals tiles easy to clean. The company began to offer a small range of urinals and toilets in the mid-1870s. The development of new production methods and new materials enabled soon reach the stage of industrial production: thanks to the new "sanitary ware", Villeroy & Boch was able - from 1899 - to produce sanitary fittings and facilities with flushing system in such large quantities that they became available also in broad layers of the population. The democratization of culture and hygiene bath was launched.

But by 1950, the housing were generally not equipped with WC in Germany they had in the best case a simple bathroom.
It took until the 1960s to see a change: the bathroom became a functional part devoted to hygiene and arranged as practical and ergonomic as possible.

During the 1970s, the bathroom started to gain its status as a place of relaxation.In 1975, Luigi Colani created for Villeroy & Boch bathroom design almost revolutionary when it was the first time a designer is interested in objects equipped bathroom and toilet. Colani gave them a design based on ergonomic principles and imaginative soft shapes and tailored to the body.
There are now a wide range of WC , who wear different shapes and various colors and have additional comfort features: WC WC on foot or hanging together and WC cistern water or installation not recessed, flat-bottomed bowl with intermediate ceramic cup or washdown with direct access to the water. But that's not all: in recent years, several innovations have been designed to increase comfort to the bathroom. Recognizing that water is an increasingly precious resource, Villeroy & Boch offers systems flushing as modern and environmentally Omnia GreenGain or AQUAREDUCT who merely 3.5 to 4.5 liters of water. The ceramic surface Ceramicplus is also very convincing ease of maintenance is such that it reduces the amount of water and detergent use. Comfort between the toilet elsewhere in a new dimension with the WC PurAir , which is equipped with an integrated technology designed to reduce odors.

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